Mangifera indica: Indian Mangos on a tree
Mango (Mangifera indica) has its origins in India from where it has been introduced to other warm regions of the world. It was domesticated in the Indian subcontinent about 4,000 years ago, and for this reason, all varieties of Mangifera indica are generally called Indian mangoes, whether they are grown in Brazil or China.
There are several other species of mangos, but Indian mangoes account for about 90% of world production exports and consumption. The most popular mango cultivars are Tommy Atkins and Alphonso.
While ripe mangoes are a very popular delicious fruits, unripe mangoes are used as vegetables and also for preparation of pickles and mango powder (Aamchur), which is used along with spices and also for food flavoring.